Akita Inu Temperament explained: When resolute courage meets unwavering loyalty


Akitas are often considered one of the most difficult dog breeds to own. They are known for their independent, dominant and protective nature. If you're considering adding an Akita to your family, it's important to educate yourself on the breed's temperament and weigh in if they're right for your lifestyle. We'll discuss the breed's personality traits and challenges so by the end of this post, you’ll have a good idea if the Akita is right for you.


Running happy Akita Inu
It's hard to distinguish a red fawn Akita Inu puppy from a Shiba Inu puppy

History of the Akita Inu

The Akita originated from Japan. Akita Inu means “the dog of Akita” which is a prefecture in Japan. Its very snowy, rural and mountainous. In the west some people tend to call the breed the Akita Inu dog. As the word “Inu” means dog, people are saying the Akita dog dog. Lets start this blog post right and refer to the Akita simply as the Akita Inu.


The Akita belongs to the 6 breeds of dogs native to Japan. They are: The Akita Inu, Hokkaido Inu, Kai Ken, Kishu Ken, Shikoku Ken and the Shiba Inu. The Akita is the largest breed in this family.


They were bred as fighting and hunting dogs, especially to hunt larger animals like elks, deer and even bears. They had to be feisty, independent and able to sustain themselves. Due to their bravery, they’re seen as the national treasure of Japan symbolising prosperity and good fortune.


As so many dog breeds, they suffered a near extinction during the Second World War. Several breeders came together to breed the Akita that we know today.


What are the differences between a Shiba Inu and an Akita Inu?

If there is a dog breed that gets muddled up constantly, its these two! Although their similarity is striking, they’re two different breeds. The Shiba Inu is a much older breed. Whilst the Shiba Inu shape is very similar to the Akita including the hooded ears and the plush coat, the Shiba Inu looks more fox-like and is much smaller.


While the Akita can reach up to 39kg in weight for a male, the Shiba weighs a maximum of 11kg. Although matching the intelligence of the Akita, the Shiba Inu is not as dominating in their behaviour and less territorial. Breed standard Akita colours are red fawn, white, sesame and brindle.


At this point you might be asking yourselves another question. Isn't there an American version of the Akita? Yes, there is.


Differences between the American Akita and the Japanese Akita Inu

The American Akita is not a pure blood Japanese Akita. The American version of this dog has been first brought to the US in 1937. Since then they have been bred with different breeds, like the German Shepherd. This was necessary to avoid the extinction of the breed during the Second World War in particular.


It makes the American Akita larger and bulkier than their Japanese cousins. The American Akita and Akita Inu were separated by The UK Kennel Club in 2006. In some countries, theyre still recognised as one breed.


Another thing to be aware off is that the Akita can fall on a list of dangerous dogs were they’re either forbidden or need to be muzzled in public. Example countries are Ireland, Spain or Malaysia.


Akita Inu and Shiba Inu next to each other
The difference between a Shiba Inu and an Akita Inu is best seen with both breeds next to each other

What is it like to live with an Akita?

Due to their breed history the Akita has a streak of independence in them. They’re fierce and powerful athletic dogs. They needed to be able to stand up to a brown bear after all. Living with and training an Akita comes with challenges.

Akita Inu
The Akita Inu is a strong and athletic dog not recommended for a first time owner

Training needs to be done skilfully whilst being firm and gentle at the same time. Are you a novice dog owner? The Akita is very likely not the dog breed for you. Let's elaborate fruther.


The training method needs to be calm and consistent for this extraordinary dog breed. Think twice or thrice if you’re the right person for this job. Show weakness as a leader and this dog breed will walk all over you. Akitas will then establish themselves as the pack leader of the family and too often owners are forced to give the breed up to a rescue center. Be violent and harsh, and this breed will potentially turn on you and portray aggression. Walking this fine line is so difficult that even dog behaviourists and trainers regard the handling of an Akita as a real challenge.


It is imperative to socialise an Akita early in life. They tend to be same sex aggressive due to their territorial nature. Akitas are temperamental and will try to portray dominance when among other dogs. It is recommended to always keep an Akita on a leash when out walking and only let them roam free in fenced areas or when no other dogs are around.


They are very fastidious dogs. Akitas will go out of their way to keep their coat clean and you will find them licking their paws and coat regularly. Therefore, its in general quite easy to housebreak Akita puppies.


Akitas rarely bark unless its an emergency. For this reason, they’re formidable guard dogs with the trait coming naturally to them not requiring any training whatsoever. They hunt close to the ground so an intruder wouldn’t even know what is coming for them. Risking their life for you is something Akitas will do willingly.


As with most breeds, don’t leave them unattended for several hours at a time. Because of their loyal nature, they can suffer from separation anxiety and become destructive. Ask yourself honestly how many hours you would leave your dog alone at a time. Akitas are distrustful towards people they don’t know. Having a dog walker or a neighbour come into the house during day time, can be somewhat difficult. Akitas don’t like to be handled by strangers. They can display aggression and seriously injure someone due to their territorial temperament. Akitas are no lap dogs. They’re efficient and strong working guard dogs and their cleverness should never be underestimated.


Akitas need plenty of outside space and apartment living will not agree with them. They are athletic and have a natural predisposition to patrol “their” area hence a bigger garden will contribute to tire them out. As Akitas originated from Japans mountainous and snowy Akita prefecture, long outdoor walks and hikes will make your dog thrive. Get a handsfree lead and off you two go!


Akitas shouldn't be left alone with small children if the dog hasn't been socialised. Always supervise interactions between the dog and the child and teach your child to approach the dog respectfully. A mistreated Akita might not react well to a child.


If you’ve done everything right and have earned their respect and trust, then your Akita will be incredibly loyal and loving towards you. The Akita bonds very intimately with their family and can then bond with children as well. Obedience training should be handled by the owner and shouldn’t be outsourced to a handler.


Akitas are devoted, loyal, clean and very affectionate dogs at home. They will love you no matter what and the mental bond you have with them cannot be found anywhere else. Snuggling on the couch or outdoor adventures, your Akita will be up for anything as long as their family is with them.


Are you a novice owner and still determined to get an Akita? Set yourself up for success by focusing on developing a K9 leadership style. Knowing and being aware of all the above points is a decent start but experience is much more important. If you have never handled a dog try dog walking or volunteering in a dog rescue center to get some experience.

Akita Inu
Akita Inu are not for the faint-hearted dog lover. They require firm but gentle leadership at the same time. You need to learn to walk a fine line

Akita temperament in a nutshell

  • Powerful and courageous making them exceptional guard dogs

  • Requires calm and consistent K9 leader with the knowledge training dominant dog breeds

  • Able to establish an extraordinary bond leading to unwavering loyalty towards their owner

  • Requires a lot of space and not suited for apartment living

  • Can’t be left alone and a dog walker might not be an option


Potential diseases in the Akita breed

There is some genetic predispositions in the Akita breed as with many pure breeds that should be checked out on a regular basis. Buying an Akita puppy from a reputable breeder is always the first step to ensure your pup has a reduced risk. Also, this blog post does not replace a talk with your vet. There is simply some diseases to be aware of and this post doesn't replace your own research with a vet before buying a puppy.


Be prepared for big medical expenses when buying an Akita Inu. Naturally, bigger dogs amount for larger medical expenses when needing an operation. That said, not all Akitas will experience the below hereditary diseases. It’s important to be aware of them to spot problems early on so you can follow up with immediate treatment.


A few common conditions are the below:


Hip dysplasia which can lead to arthritis.

Gastric Dilatation Volvulus also known as bloat. Deep chested dogs like Setters are prone to bloat as well.

Glaucoma and several eye problems.

Hypothyroidism, can cause weight problems, skin issues and low energy level due to underactive thyroid.


The UK Kennel Club has introduced a DNA test for Amelogenesis Imperfecta or Familial Enamel Hypoplasia. It’s a hereditary disease where the affected dog can’t produce normal amounts of tooth enamel. Dogs can be either clear, a carrier or affected.


Most diseases are inherited in a recessive manner. It means that the puppy must inherit the gene from both parents to become an affected. If the mutation is only present in one parent, then the puppy becomes a carrier. Hence, it is so important to choose a reputable breeder who has done genetic testing on their Akitas.


The more aware you are of these diseases, the higher the chances that you can prolong the life of your dog if problems arise. Same as with your child, you should be aware of all required vaccinations, risks and even risks outside of your home. This blog post for example outlines all toxic spring plants to your dog that can be harmful.


The more you know, the better you will be prepared.


Many dog owners are unaware of the danger in some pet toys and accessories that can worsen health issues, when they innocently buy cheap products from the Far East. Avoid synthetic rubber play things like chew bones or tug o' war ropes from polyester; polyester collars could cause skin irritation and are not breathable like natural materials. Swap out those harmful materials with eco friendly pet products from hemp here at Hooman’s Friend. Breathable, eco-friendly and sustainable!



Akita Fun facts

An interesting fact is that the Akita was seen as a status symbol in the 17th century. Only Japanese aristocrats were allowed to own the breed. Their ownership was celebrated with feeding rituals and presents like collars and leashes. The more extraordinary the accessories, the higher the owners rank and status.


Emperor Taisho only changed the law in the 19th century so any citizen was allowed to own their special Akita Inu.



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The Akita Inu is a loyal and brave dog breed that can make a great pet for the right person. Before you decide to bring an Akita into your home, it's important to read beyond this article, consult a breeder and speak to a vet.



Akita Inu Summary Info box

Size

Large

Dog Size

66cm - 77cm

Dog Weight

around and up to 55kg

Bitch Size

62cm - 66cm

Bitch Weight

average 42-46kg

Grooming

Medium

Feeding Need

Medium

Tendency to drool

Low

Energy level

High

Tendency to bark

Low

Tendency to dig

Low

Attention need

Medium